Montessori mathematics education has broken the method of simply teaching children to learn “numbers” in traditional mathematics teaching. It is based on sensory education. Through the development of sensory pairing, sequence and classification ability, the exercise of the logical thinking ability of young children is strengthened and help young children improve the abstract thinking ability of mathematics analysis, induction and synthesis. The ultimate purpose of mathematics education is not just to learn some calculation methods. More importantly, through mathematics study and drill, improve children’s logical thinking ability, Strengthening the capacity of children to work independently. This enables children to become independent and intelligent people in the future.